What is Biotechnology? Scope and Terms of Biotechnology

What is Biotechnology? Scope and Terms of Biotechnology

Biotechnology is the field where Biology and Technology meet together. It is the technology that uses organisms for bio-process in manufacturing industries called Biotechnology. This field can use animals, plants, microbes, etc. The term Biotechnology was coined by Karl Ereky in 1917. It was to describe the large-scale production of pigs for biological uses. The biotechnology field involves many sub-classes like

  1. Genetic Engineering
  2. Animal Biotechnology
  3. Plant Biotechnology
  4. Cell Biology
  5. Genetics
  6. Microbiology
  7. Tissue Culture

It can produce a large scale of products in a short time. So industrially it is more effective

Biotechnology is superior to other fields because of its high performance with top-level co-friendliness. It can produce a large scale of products in a short time. So industrially it is more effective. Biotechnology is still a young field of science. It helps produce food, medicines, agriculture improvement, pollution control, etc. Biotechnology integrates with many other technologies for its success. They are

  1. Fermentation Technology
  2. Biomining
  3. Recombinant DNA Technology
  4. Bioinformatics
  5. Hybridoma Technology
  6. Protein Engineering
  7. Environmental Technology
  8. Animal tissue culture

Branches of Biotechnology

  • Food Biotechnology: It helps in the large-scale production and management of food products.
  • Agriculture Biotechnology: It is used to increase yield by improving the plants to survive in stressful conditions like drought, pesticides, salt content, etc. 
  • rDNA technology: It is the field that deals with altering the genes of an organism to make desirable changes. 
  • Bioinformatics: It is a computer-based technology that integrates Biotechnology with information technology for data analysis.
  • Fermentation Technology: It involves the processing of various biological compounds in the presence of microbes. 

Scope of Biotechnology

  • To produce pest-resistant plants
  • To improve milk and meat quality in animals
  • To produce biomolecules
  • To produce pharmaceuticals like the edible vaccine
  • To preserve the germplasm of plants and animals
  • To produce harmless fertilizers

Job Positions for a Biotechnologist

  • Clinical Laboratory Technician 
  • Food Safety associate
  • Quality manager
  • Brewer
  • Research Scientist
  • Bio Analysts 

 

Published: 31/01/23, 1818

Graduated from the University of Kerala with B.Sc. Botany and Biotechnology. M.Sc. Biotechnology from the University of Kerala. Attended certificate course in Artificial Intelligence for Everyone from Deeplearning.AI, Influenza Prevention and Control from World Health Organization. Attended workshops related to Bioinformatics at the University of Kerala. 3 years of experience in website management. Experience in WordPress, Blogger, Google Analytics, and Google Search Console.

Achuth B S

Graduated from the University of Kerala with B.Sc. Botany and Biotechnology. M.Sc. Biotechnology from the University of Kerala. Attended certificate course in Artificial Intelligence for Everyone from Deeplearning.AI, Influenza Prevention and Control from World Health Organization. Attended workshops related to Bioinformatics at the University of Kerala. 3 years of experience in website management. Experience in WordPress, Blogger, Google Analytics, and Google Search Console.

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